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Enable HSTS and make sure everything is HTTPS

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  • Hi sir, as you know i am facing redirect issues for a couple of months i want to pick this topic again here sudonix.

    can i just enable HSTS right away from CF panel?

    after enabling HSTS i want to disable the page rules which I’ve writer earlier for HTTP to HTTPS redirection

    i am trying to do by follow this video (enabling all cf settings, max header age is 6months)

  • @hari HSTS will have no bearing on redirects, but it of course will require https to work correctly. You can go ahead and enable that.

  • @hari i have successfully enabled the HSTS, turned of the HTTP to https page rule at CF and tested all 4 URLs and they are working 100% fine with all subfolders and root domain

    every request is going to https and www.

    now i am facing the issue with flarum (ask) folder. it is not properly redirecting to www.

    Ask (sub folder) ht access is

    <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
      RewriteEngine on
      # Ensure the Authorization HTTP header is available to PHP
      RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization}]
      # Uncomment the following lines if you are not using a `public` directory
      # to prevent sensitive resources from being exposed.
       RewriteRule /\.git / [F,L]
       RewriteRule ^composer\.(lock|json)$ / [F,L]
       RewriteRule ^config.php$ / [F,L]
       RewriteRule ^flarum$ / [F,L]
       RewriteRule ^storage/(.*)?$ / [F,L]
       RewriteRule ^vendor/(.*)?$ / [F,L]
      # Pass requests that don't refer directly to files in the filesystem to index.php
      RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
      RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
      RewriteRule ^ index.php [QSA,L]
    # Disable directory listings
    Options -Indexes
    # MultiViews can mess up our rewriting scheme
    Options -MultiViews
    # The following directives are based on best practices from H5BP Apache Server Configs
    # Expire rules for static content
    <IfModule mod_expires.c>
      ExpiresActive on
      ExpiresDefault                                      "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType text/css                              "access plus 1 year"
      ExpiresByType application/atom+xml                  "access plus 1 hour"
      ExpiresByType application/rdf+xml                   "access plus 1 hour"
      ExpiresByType application/rss+xml                   "access plus 1 hour"
      ExpiresByType application/json                      "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType application/ld+json                   "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType application/schema+json               "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType application/vnd.geo+json              "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType application/vnd.api+json              "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType application/xml                       "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType text/calendar                         "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType text/xml                              "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType image/              "access plus 1 week"
      ExpiresByType image/x-icon                          "access plus 1 week"
      ExpiresByType text/html                             "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType application/javascript                "access plus 1 year"
      ExpiresByType application/x-javascript              "access plus 1 year"
      ExpiresByType text/javascript                       "access plus 1 year"
      ExpiresByType application/manifest+json             "access plus 1 week"
      ExpiresByType application/x-web-app-manifest+json   "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest                   "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType text/markdown                         "access plus 0 seconds"
      ExpiresByType audio/ogg                             "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType image/bmp                             "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType image/gif                             "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType image/jpeg                            "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType image/png                             "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType image/svg+xml                         "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType image/webp                            "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType video/mp4                             "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType video/ogg                             "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType video/webm                            "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType application/wasm                      "access plus 1 year"
      ExpiresByType font/collection                       "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType application/         "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType font/eot                              "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType font/opentype                         "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType font/otf                              "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType application/x-font-ttf                "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType font/ttf                              "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType application/font-woff                 "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff               "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType font/woff                             "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType application/font-woff2                "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType font/woff2                            "access plus 1 month"
      ExpiresByType text/x-cross-domain-policy            "access plus 1 week"
    # Gzip compression
    <IfModule mod_deflate.c>
      <IfModule mod_filter.c>
        AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE "application/atom+xml" \
                                      "application/javascript" \
                                      "application/json" \
                                      "application/ld+json" \
                                      "application/manifest+json" \
                                      "application/rdf+xml" \
                                      "application/rss+xml" \
                                      "application/schema+json" \
                                      "application/vnd.geo+json" \
                                      "application/" \
                                      "application/wasm" \
                                      "application/x-font-ttf" \
                                      "application/x-javascript" \
                                      "application/x-web-app-manifest+json" \
                                      "application/xhtml+xml" \
                                      "application/xml" \
                                      "font/collection" \
                                      "font/eot" \
                                      "font/opentype" \
                                      "font/otf" \
                                      "font/ttf" \
                                      "image/bmp" \
                                      "image/svg+xml" \
                                      "image/" \
                                      "image/x-icon" \
                                      "text/cache-manifest" \
                                      "text/calendar" \
                                      "text/css" \
                                      "text/html" \
                                      "text/javascript" \
                                      "text/plain" \
                                      "text/markdown" \
                                      "text/vcard" \
                                      "text/vnd.rim.location.xloc" \
                                      "text/vtt" \
                                      "text/x-component" \
                                      "text/x-cross-domain-policy" \
    # Fix for vulnerability
    <IfModule mod_headers.c>
      RequestHeader unset Proxy

    main domain ht access is

    #Expires headers configuration added by Speed of Light plugin
    <IfModule mod_expires.c>
       ExpiresActive On
       ExpiresDefault A2592000
       ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType text/javascript "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType image/ico "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 30 days"
       ExpiresByType image/bmp "access plus 30 days"
    #End of expires headers configuration
    # BEGIN WordPress
    # The directives (lines) between "BEGIN WordPress" and "END WordPress" are
    # dynamically generated, and should only be modified via WordPress filters.
    # Any changes to the directives between these markers will be overwritten.
    <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
       RewriteEngine On
       RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization}]
       RewriteBase /
       RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
       RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
       RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
       RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
    # END WordPress
    # BEGIN Enable Gzip Compression
    # The directives (lines) between `BEGIN Enable Gzip Compression` and `END Enable Gzip Compression` are
    # dynamically generated, and should only be modified via WordPress filters.
    # Any changes to the directives between these markers will be overwritten.
    <IfModule mod_deflate.c>
    AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/text text/html text/plain text/xml text/css application/x-javascript application/javascript
    # END Enable Gzip Compression
    # MalCare WAF
    <Files ".user.ini">
    <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
      Require all denied
    <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
      Order deny,allow
      Deny from all
    # END MalCare WAF

    now where should i add redirection lines to target ask www. redirection?

  • @hari another question is it okay to submit our website for or it is better to wait for few months?

  • @hari HSTS will have no bearing on redirects, but it of course will require https to work correctly. You can go ahead and enable that.

  • @phenomlab my website is not loading 😢 please help

    is there any way to at least disable it temporarily?

  • @hari looks like i need to download the certificate from Cloudflare and apply it to my root?

  • @hari You can disable it at the CF level. That should be enough ?

  • @phenomlab i’m bit confused site did not work for 5min due to no proper certificate.

    to prevent it from happening shall i apply CF SSL certificate to my server?


    ok, if something happens i will try disabling SSL at CF level

    now reading this

  • This post is deleted!
  • @hari i’m configuring the origin server certificate hope that will not cause conflicts?

    ok, we will look it tomorrow. good night 🙂

  • @hari enabling HSTS should not be this complex. I’m not sure I understand the need for the origin certificate from CF as this should still work even with a trusted and verified cert on the destination and the communication mode for SSL set to strict.

    You can actually enable HSTS and SSL stapling at server level rather than CF.

  • @phenomlab Right now i am not facing any issues and everything is working perfectly

    i want to summarise all my settings

    CF settings
    SSL is set to full strict
    HSTS is enabled
    Automatic HTTPS Rewrites CF setting is ON

    disabled page rules for https redirect (earlier i used to use)

    Server-side let’s encrypt is enabled
    HTTP to HTTPS prediction is off

    i want to keep the settings like this since everything is working at the DNS level.

    if you suggest using HSTS and SSL from the server-side i will switch to it.

    the only problem with flarum www redirection

    shall i define something at subdirectory ht. access for this? or something needs to be done at domain ht access?

  • @hari said in Enable HSTS and make sure everything is HTTPS:

    shall i define something at subdirectory ht. access for this? or something needs to be done at domain ht access?

    This makes the most sense to me as the redirect can be handled at the subdirectory level. HSTS should also work at the CF level without issue. What error do you get if you enable it ?

  • @phenomlab No error, it just stuck without www. It should supposed to get redirected to www.domain/ask

    This only happening with flarum all other wordpress subdirectories are getting redirected without any issue.

  • @hari Does it work if you set a redirect using rules at CF ?

  • @phenomlab Yes, if I set a page rule it used to work.

    Now shall I set a page rule for www at cloud flare (I don’t want to do it)

    I am guessing a www. Redirection at ask folder ht acess would resolve the issue.

  • @hari said in Enable HSTS and make sure everything is HTTPS:

    I am guessing a www. Redirection at ask folder ht acess would resolve the issue.

    It should, yes. Did you create one previously, and it was ignored ?

  • @phenomlab No, erlier I used to manage it using CF page rule (all in one rule https and www.) . Now as we switch to HSTS and there is a setting at CF as make sure every page is https it is taking care of http to https redirection so turned of page rules.

    Could you suggest me the ht access rule for ask folder only

    I have posted my ask folder ht access in my first post of this discussion

  • @hari So to confirm, you want all requests to this URL to be converted to ?

  • @phenomlab all WordPress installations for domain or subdirectory is properly getting redirected to www. so i don’t want to add any rules in main ht access

    i want all requests to “ask” folder to be converted to www.

    only flarum is not doing www. redirection

    if writing a global rule is the right approach i will try that

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